Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs. pulmonary acid aspiration syndrome a disorder produced as a complication of inhalation of gastric contents; it may progress to a syndrome resembling acute respiratory distress syndrome. Epidemiology and Demographics Incidence. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure.It is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to remove blood adequately from the pulmonary circulation (cardiogenic pulmonary edema), or an injury to the lung tissue or blood vessels of the lung (non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema). Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is an increase in pulmonary interstitial and alveolar fluid that is due to an acute central nervous system injury and usually develops rapidly after the injury [].It is sometimes classified as a form of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but its pathophysiology and prognosis are different. Patients with pulmonary edema usually appear agitated. It can occur within minutes of a CNS injury or be delayed up to 24 hours. A type of pulmonary edema called neurogenic pulmonary edema can occur after a head injury, seizure or brain surgery. Smoke inhalation. Central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH) is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by deep and rapid breaths at a rate of at least 25 breaths per minute. Pulmonary edema commonly affects individuals older than 65 years of age. neurogenic lung edema synonyms, neurogenic lung edema pronunciation, neurogenic lung edema translation, English dictionary definition of neurogenic lung edema. 1. Transfusion-related lung injury. pulmonary [pul´mo-ner″e] 1. pertaining to the lungs; called also pulmonic and pneumonic. Increasing irregularity of this respiratory rate generally is a sign that the patient will enter into coma. Originating in the nerves or nervous tissue: a neurogenic tumor. Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the acute onset of pulmonary edema following a significant central nervous system (CNS) insult. Define neurogenic lung edema. Alerts and Notices Synopsis Neurogenic pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the lungs caused by an injury to the central nervous system (CNS). It can lead to serious and life threatening complications, and may even increase the risk of pulmonary infections. 2. pertaining to the pulmonary artery. Physical examination of patients with pulmonary edema is usually remarkable for dyspnea, tachypnea.The presence of abnormal cardiac examination on physical examination is diagnostic of cardiogenic pulmonary edema. INTRODUCTION. Smoke from a fire contains chemicals that damage the membrane between the air sacs and the capillaries, allowing fluid to enter your lungs. The incidence of neurogenic pulmonary edema is approximately 2000 to 42900 per 100,000 individuals in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Injuries known to cause neurogenic pulmonary edema are trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, stroke, meningitis, seizure, and spinal cord injury. Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farnaz Khalighinejad, MD Overview. Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a condition where fluid accumulates in the lungs after an injury to the brain, spinal cord and surrounding structures of the central nervous system. The etiology is thought to be a surge of catecholamines that results in cardiopulmonary dysfunction. adj. Males are more commonly affected by pulmonary edema than woman. Introduction: Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the acute onset of pulmonary edema after sudden raise of intracranial pressure. Editor-In-Chief: C. 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