Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-11 TYPES OF ORGANISATION We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum 2. 4. There is a lack of understanding and both try to dominate each other. Line Organization. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom. Line organization 1. Emphasize the objectives of the organisation as a whole. The line manager is the one in charge. If you are a human resources manager, you can easily manage your employee team based on many functions, for example, edit your employee information with much details such as names, titles, departments, contact details, salaries and more, or import/sync your local … The top-level managers are not overloaded with work. There are a variety of organizational structures that companies use when developing an operational model. Professional Staff Organization Chart Software Edraw OrgCharting is an illustrative and user-friendly org chart software. Line workers are on the front line of a business, handling the core corporate functions while staff workers play a support role and handle the behind-the-scenes work. Line organization has direct vertical relationship. These divisions don't exist in every organization, but are mainly in large organizations. 3. The line and staff type of organization is widely used and is advantageous to the extent that the specialized advice improves the quality of decisions resulting in operational economics. ADVERTISEMENTS: Forms of Organisational Structure: Line , Functional, and Line and Staff Organisation (with respective advantages and disadvantages) The adoption of a particular form of organisational structure largely depends upon the nature, scale and size of the business. The aim of both the staff function and the line function is to ensure that the organization meets its business objectives. The operation of line organization is very simple. Line personnel execute essential roles within the business, such as sales, production and marketing. 3. Example of functional organization. With this structure, they know exactly who to go to for their supervision. The line and staff sales organization is often found in large and medium sized firms, employing substantial numbers of sales personnel, and selling diversified product lines over wide geographic areas. 2. 2. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Introduction o Organisation is designed on the basic of principles of labour and span of management. Companies that use line and staff organization structure mainly include small businesses. One of the most common forms of organization within police departments is the line and staff system, in which duties are divided amongst those with general skills and those designated to support them. Line Positions Line positions in a company are those that have the responsibility and authority for achieving the major goals of the corporation. Characteristics of Line Organization. But the way they achieve this is what differentiates these two from each other. Its purpose is to support and advise line department and to have an availability of technical specialists. Difference # […] This is where the line and staff organizational structure comes into play. Advantages of Line Organization. The organisational structure is primarily concerned with the allocation of activities or tasks and delegation … Features of line and staff organization Under this system, there are line officers who have authority and command over the subordinates and are accountable for the tasks entrusted to them. Definition Line organization Line organization is the most oldest and simplest method of administrative organization. Demerits of Line Organization. Management works with… Read More » What is Line Manager and Staff Manager Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function.By this method, specialisation is attained. The role of line staff and staff personnel are different from one another; thus, the authority levels vary as well. For example, Financial advisor, technical advisor etc. Over reliance-The line executive’s decisions are implemented to the bottom. In this structure, the authority flows from the top down. The departmental head has full authority to manage and control of that department. Line authority and staff authority conforms to two types of employees; line staff and staff personnel. Features of the Line & Staff Organization Structure. ADVERTISEMENTS: In the interest of the efficiency and economy, it was considered desirable that the departmental organization should be broken into two new directions. Staff specialists give relief in critical matters. Line authority entitles managers to control immediate subordinates, thereby creating a superior-subordinate relationship that is crucial to the success of the organization. A line and staff organization is when there is a vertical hierarchy with horizontal support. How organization Cultivate a Diverse Workforce, STEPS TOWARD MANAGEMENT OF DIVERSITY ; FUNCTIONS AND ENVIRONMENT OF HRM:Compensation and Benefits, Safety And Health, Interrelationships of HRM Functions ; LINE AND STAFF ASPECTS OF HRM:Authority, Line versus Staff Authority, Staff Manager In a line and staff organization structure, both the line managers and the staff have their own important roles to play. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. Line organization 2. 3. Staff Agencies: The term “staff agency” has been borrowed from military terminology and is commonly used in […] This video explains the different forms of organisation structure in great detail. A functional organizational structure is perfect for medium and small business houses as well as or companies that have either one or a few product lines.For example, a small business entity AB Company deals in the manufacturing of diapers and … Responsibility is fixed. Authority is related to decision–making power, which is a key aspect in any type of organization. The staff managers and the line supervisors take decisions from their level of management; hence, there might be a conflict between the two management structures. Obtain any necessary skills they do not already possess. Key Difference – Line Organization vs Functional Organization An organization can be arranged according to a variety of structures, which facilitate the organization to operate and perform. 2. He is the one with the authority to make all the important decisions of the company. 1. 3. According to this type of organization, the authority flows from top to bottom in a concern. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article will help you to differentiate between line and staff in an organisation. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments. 3. Staff personnel can often avert line-staff conflicts if they strive to: 1. Characteristics of line organization are listed below. The line executives are generalists and staff executives are specialists and they work together with coordination 2. But there are other differences also. Encourage and educate line personnel in the appropriate use of staff personnel. There is no concentration of authority at top-level only. Line managers' detailed knowledge of business processes and how the organization works can make them ideal candidates for broader general management roles. In these organizations, a supervisor exercises direct supervision over a subordinate.Also, authority flows from the top-most person in the organization to the person in the lowest rung. 2. Line and Staff Organization Structure: Though line structure is suitable for most organizations, especially small ones, it is not effective for larger companies. In a line and staff organization structure line positions are directly involved in the day-to-day activities of the company, like production or sales of the given a product . Merits of line and staff organization structure: 1. Line positions are occupied by line managers and personnel . Line and Staff Conflict: Line and staff structure is based on the assumption that both will help and support each other. CONTENTS 1. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure.Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. It is more complex than line co ncern and Division o f wor k and specialization takes It's common for top-performing line managers to either rise through the ranks of management or broaden their responsibilities to encompass other areas of a firm's operations. Staff personnel provide specialized expertise, such as that from human resources and legal departments. Difference # 1. This results in over-relying on the line officials. Line and staff functions have built-in inherent conflicts that management has to reconcile to have a smooth-running organization. Purpose: Perhaps the most important (and obvious) difference between line and staff is purpose : line’s purpose is to work directly toward organisational goals, whereas staff advises and assists. Line organization structure is the oldest and simplest form of organization. 4. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization. These new directions were ‘staff agencies’ and auxillary agencies’ as distinct from ‘line agencies’. 1. 1. Lack of specialization-A line organization flows in a scalar chain from top to bottom and there is no scope for specialized functions. 2. Some of the Reasons of Conflict between the Two are as follows: 1. Line and staff organization 1. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. But often there are conflicts between the two and both accuse each other. Simplicity. 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