(Australian Fan Palm) Height to 15m: The Australian Fan Palm is an attractive rainforest palm with single trunk and large round leaves to 2m diameter. The container should have drain holes and a saucer to collect the water that drains. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. During the growing season, you can give the plant a little bit more water if it seems dry to the touch, but always check the soil before watering it so that you do not risk overwatering the palm. Covered in this Gardenerdy article is the proper method of caring for this palm. Unlike the other palm trees, these trees are prone to certain diseases. They are straight and have a single trunk. When growing European fan palms in containers ensure that they dry out thoroughly between waterings. Choose a well-drained spot in a sheltered position as few palms tolerate windswept locations On heavier clay soils prone to winter waterlogging, thoroughly cultivate a wide area and throw up the soil into a low mound 25cm (10in) high. European Fan Palm Gardening Solutions Of Florida Insute Food And Agricultural Sciences. Watering: Water regularly during growing season. European fan palm grows in partial sun and partial shade. While it may grow slower in the shade, the fronds will grow slightly larger than when it is grown with more sunlight. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! When planting European fan palms outdoors, ensure that the palms are spaced at least 3-4 feet apart. Fan palm tree needs proper care in order to grow well. Water. Plant Stand Arizona. How to Plant a Mediterranean Fan Palm. They are cold hardy to ar… Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures! These palm trees grow up to 100 feet tall and have lifespans of up to 100 years. Pruning is very simple, as all you have to do is remove the dead leaves from the bottom of the crown. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Giving the plant too much water could result in the death of the Chinese fan palm. One will find them mainly in the Mediterranean regions of Europe. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. They can also be used indoors because of their beautiful hues of color. Their trunks are massive and barrel shaped. They need enough sunlight to grow. Although diseases in these trees are not known, sometimes they might be infected by some bacteria or maybe the leaves might turn yellow due to pests. Thereafter, water deeply when the top 2 inches of soil are dry, providing enough water to saturate the soil to a depth of 2 feet. They can thrive in full sun to full shade, with fronds growing a bit larger in shadier areas. The leaves of this tree are divided into at least 75 segments that droop down gracefully, making the tree look like a fountain. If frond tips become brown, the humidity is too low. But these are minor ones, which can be treated with fertilizers and certain pesticides. They produce several branching flowers that are white or yellow in color. The Mediterranean fan palm is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions (clay, loam or sand texture, slightly acidic to highly alkaline soil pH), which is further testament to its hardiness. Ruffled Fan Palm has very attractive pleated leaves, each with notched tips. Once an extensive root system has been established, European fan palms are moderately drought tolerant and watering can be reduced. Bring a bit of the tropics to your garden, even in a cooler climate, with the Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis). These shiny dark green leaves are rounded that spans to about 20 inches or more. They are characterized by large (up to 18-24 in. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. I have yellow-green broad, fan-shaped foliage that are carried on tall, slender stems. Scientific Name: Chamaerops humilis Common Name (s): European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, Zwergpalme. While this tree can withstand cold temperatures, it does require lots of sunlight on a daily basis. long), blue-green fan-shaped leaves that are divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b Comments and Curiosities. Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) care tips & plant information. These plants can go without water for a few days, but do keep the soil moist all the time as this will only help in the growth of the plant. Prune the leaves at least once a year for a better look and to help the new leaves grow better. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! The Chinese Fan Palm has an upright growing tendency, but it will require occasional pruning to build a good structure. Light Requirement. There is no need to worry about the tree being infected, as there are no such diseases which have been heard of yet. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. One will find these palm trees mainly in the tropical regions, the warm temperate regions, and the subtropical regions. So if one is planning to plant one in the garden, make sure to fulfill all the conditions. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. However, keep an eye out for common pests and diseases like mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and leaf spot. 2. Use care when unboxing, moving, or repotting. To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. European Fan Palm Tree Chamaerops Humilis. You will only have to water this tree periodically, as it is extremely drought tolerant. Plant in mid-spring to allow time for the palm to establish before winter. This plant thrives when given full sunlight, though it can survive in partial shade. Fertilize the Mexican fan palm in spring, using a slow-release fertilizer for palm trees. Pot up or install fan palm as mentioned when it comes to container garden that we discussed earlier. Allow the soil to dry between waterings and then soak thoroughly. Fan palm tree needs proper care in order to grow well. In regions with harsh winter conditions, European fan palms can be easily overwintered indoors. Once the saplings start to grow, make sure that as a part of fan palm care, it gets enough sunlight. The soil in which one plants the seeds, can be a mixture of sand, loam, and peat. Read more > Livistona alfredii (Millstream Palm) Height 10m They also have exceptional wind and drought tolerance. Native to southern Japan, China and Taiwan, the plant requires warmth to thrive and cannot survive cold temperatures. They grow mainly in Mexico, Baja, Southern California, and Arizona. These grow several stems from the base and produce fronds that look similar to a fan. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Like the Mexican plant, these plants also grow in soils which are alkaline in nature. Once they grow and mature they are an attractive plant. If one observes the base of this palm tree, one would notice an interesting fiber pattern. Cold Hardy Mexican Fan Palm Tree Overview Soaring to over 100 ft (30.5 m), this skyscraper of the palm world is a striking sight. Growing and Care Guide. One would also find the leaves of this Fiji palm tree interesting. 7 Reasons To Love Your Mediterranean Fan Palm And Enjoy A Care Plant. They are slow growing trees that grow up to 10 feet tall. They are also known as Chamaerops humilis. They are medium-sized palm trees that grow mainly in the islands of Fiji. Otherwise, if the plants do not get the proper requirements, they may die. Allow the plant soil to dry out a little more in the winter than in the summer. Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits . Follow maintenance practices, when it comes to watering, fertilizing and treating for disease and garden insect pest. European fan palms thrive in full sun, but can tolerate part shade as well. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. Again they are prone to very few diseases like yellowing of leaves, which can be taken care of with the help of fertilizers. Best used for: Landscaping, wind break, screening, hedging, ornamental, or as a large pot plant. Prepare a planting area in full sun where your Washingtonia will be able to grow to 30 m (100 ft) tall without hitting power lines or nearby buildings. Once the seeds are planted, it will take them at least 15 weeks to germinate. see more; Family Arecaceae . Here are some of the common types and a few care tips for the same. One can even look up for some pictures before finalizing on which one to bring home. European fan palms are very slow-growing to a maximum height of about 8 to 10 feet. Life Cycle / Plant Type: … One of their kind that is the fan palm tree is present in many types, depending on the area where they are growing. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. These type of trees need moist soil but while planting the seeds, make sure that the surface of the soil is not wet but bit dry. Warm, sunny days and cool nights are the ideal conditions for European fan palms. These trees are native to arid areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and northwestern Mexico, depending on the species. One will find them mainly in China and south of Japan. I am native to China and Japan but I was grown in Florida and am so happy to be going to my new home.. Indoors in a container, I can grow 6-7 feet tall and will add beautiful full, green look to your home. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Chinese Fan Palm (Fountain Palm) Plant Profie, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper. Water California fan palm thoroughly immediately after planting. European fan palms are not prone to any serious pests or diseases. European fan palms appreciate regular fertilizing throughout the year. There are different aspects to caring for a Mexican fan palm. They also grow well as houseplants, adapting easily to indoor conditions. They are also known as Pritchardia pacifica. Water it weekly, and more frequently when it’s subjected to extreme heat. In colder regions, they can be kept outside during the warm summer months and overwintered indoors. Also known as the Washingtonia filifera, they grow mainly in subtropical areas. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. These trees can also tolerate a drought-like situation. European fan palms also tolerate poor soils well. The seeds start germinating after at least a month of planting it. These plants are not suited for rainy areas. The seeds can be sown during the spring seasons and it takes them at least 4 weeks to germinate. Fertilize with a slow-release palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. Fan palm as a descriptive term can refer to any of several different kinds of palms (Arecaceae) in various genera with leaves that are palmately lobed (rather than pinnately compound). Another benefit of European fan palm is that it seems to be resistant to lethal yellowing disease which is a problem for many palm species. The height of this palm tree is usually 40 to 50 feet but some might even grow up to a height of 80 feet. Keep the seeds consistently moist until they germinate, which can take several weeks. The fan palm is said to grow well indoors compared to other fan type of palms. The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius). They belong to the family of Arecaceae or Palmae. European fan palms grow with a multi-trunk growth habit but can be trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers that grow from the base of the main trunk. If the water is retained, then the roots of the plant will decay away. They are also known as Washingtonia robusta. Palm trees are evergreen, tropical, and unique flowering plants. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). For this reason, European fan palms are frequently used to add a tropical flair to temperature landscapes. A light fertilizer application from late winter through early fall helps fan palm plants remain vital. The soil in which one plants the seeds, can be a mixture of sand, loam, and peat. These trees need alkaline soil to grow on. The Licuala grandis is a truly out of the ordinary palm.It's beauty is deraigned from it's magnificient fan-like fronds, which dominate the palm at it's early age. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This European native thrives in sunny, warm daytime temperatures and cool evening temperatures. European fan palms are happy in average outdoor humidity but may require extra humidity when grown indoors. This applies not just to the cold but also to wind and in particular drought. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. They are ringed with the scars of the old leaves. European fan palms do well when grown in containers - whether they are kept indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in a container garden. The Chinese Fan Palm is considered a drought-tolerant plant, so it does not need much water, especially if it is getting rainwater because it is growing outdoors. There is normally no need to water Chamaerops palms during the winter, only make sure the root ball does not dry out. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. When grown as a potted plant, it does well in any ordinary potting mix. These trees prefer moist soil and a plenty of sunlight. Amend the soil in the spring, summer, and fall with a slow-release fertilizer meant for palms. Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) produces large, attractive, fan-shaped leaves with fringed tips. They can grow in clayey or sandy soil. Read More What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? The old leaves stays on if they are not removed. However, as one of the most adaptable species of palms they can withstand both extreme heat and extreme cold. There are 2500 palm tree species in the world. The fertilizer needs of Mexican fan palms will vary with the soil, but a general maintenance recommendation is to apply 1 1/2 pounds of 8-1-10-4 palm tree fertilizer for every 100 square feet of area every three months. These cookies do not store any personal information. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. The seedlings of this tree should be well protected from the winds and any major changes in the temperature. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. Fan Palm Care Tips. Mediterranean Fan Palm Care & Growing Guide 1. Your Chinese Fan Palm has sharp barbs on the stems of its fronds. If you are growing a European fan palm as a houseplant, keep repotting to a minimum - every 2-3 years should be sufficient. In extreme heat, it may need to be watered as often as once a week to help roots establish. Fertilize with granular palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. They can withstand cold temperatures. They can grow in partly-shady and partly-lighted areas. Attention must be given to the soil and fertilizers. Fan types are generally not as popular as other palms. Soil condition that is needed is a mixture of clay, sand, and loam. Plant Details. However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. This works in much that same way that a garden filled exclusively with palm trees can look tired but the variation provided by flowers, bushes, trees, bananas and ferns brings out the beauty of the palms. Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones 8b to 11 / H4 - hardy to about -10°C (14°F). Most are members of the subfamily Coryphoideae, though a few genera in subfamily Calamoideae (Mauritia, Mauritiella and Lepidocaryum) also have palmate leaves. The cold hardy Mexican Fan Palm has a slender trunk topped with crowns of large fan-shaped evergreen fronds. After the first year, start giving fertilizers to the plant and prune it, at least once a year for better growth. As a general rule fan palms are hardier than feather-leafed palms. The biggest thing to remember about these palms is … We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Regular watering in the summer helps to encourage growth. Plant in a well-drained area...it likes to dry out between waterings. They can tolerate cold up to 30 ºF. - This section provides Palm Tree Care Advice on choosing a Palm Tree, planting Palms, growing Palm Trees, preparing and caring of Palm Trees (cold hardy) for the Winter Cold, Pruning Palm Trees along with cold hardy zone maps showing the typical winter cold snaps your Palm Trees will have to endure and Palm Tree care for cold winters. Until the roots of a European fan palm are well-established, it should be watered regularly. For outdoor trees, you only need to do this once a year. Choose a location that is far away from high-traffic areas as European fan palms have spines that run up and down their trunks which can be painful to the touch. They can even grow in drought-like situations. In such cases, one can use fertilizers and also some pesticides to get rid of any kind of pests. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. They are able to adapt to varying textures (loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Chamaerops humilis - Mediterranean fan palm |The Palm Centre To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. These palm trees can grow in drought-like situations as well. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Mediterranean dwarf palm. Once the saplings start to grow, make sure that as a part of fan palm care, it gets enough sunlight. There is no need to worry about the tree being infected, as there are no such diseases which have been heard of yet. The leaves have a windmill appearance of wedge-shaped segments joined together. 2. The Mexican fan palm, scientifically known as Washingtonia robusta, grows an approximate height of 80 feet. This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one's house to grow well. The flowers are followed by spherical, glossy red fruit. They love well-drained soil. Water the palm by allowing a garden hose to drip at the base of the tree. Cold hardy to Zone 8, this palm needs no protection whatsoever from whatever Mother Nature doles out in winter. A daily mist of water helps to keep humidity levels high. The Licuala grandis bears green to greenish-white flowers, 1/2″ across, in pendent spikes, longer than the leaves. Caring for palm trees is not very difficult. After the first three months, water sparingly and only during hot, dry periods, as Mexican fan palm is susceptible to rot. Furthermore, these trees grow best when they are planted outdoors. You will have to trim off older fronds now and then - but not very often since the palm grows slowly. Chinese fan palms will grow well in almost any average soil that receives a modest amount of moisture. Though they tolerate both salt and drought, water your Mexican fan palm deeply at least once a month. If you want to keep your palm looking its best, rotate it every month so that it will stay full and lush. Would you like to write for us? Spruce Up Your Yard With These Tree Landscaping Ideas. The other name of this tree is Livistonia chinensis. In addition to windmill palm, this species of palm tree is also referred to as the Chinese windmill palm (though, as mentioned, it has not been determined that it originated in China), the Chusan palm, and the fan palm. Your Chinese Fan Palm tends to grow towards the light. This palm responds favorably to frequent, light fertilization. However, one can plant the saplings in partly-shaded areas too. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. Pruning 101 Correct Palm If Nature Could Talk. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. It’s only after the 6th month that the seedling starts growing faster and one would also notice 4 leaves coming out. How to Grow Chinese Fan Palm . This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one’s house to grow well. My botanical name is Livistona chinensis but I am also known as Chinese Fan Palm or Fountain Palm. Care tips; Position: Full sun. As to be expected, European fan palms thrive in coastal conditions. Ensure you choose a location where your European fan palm receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. Add top soil or organic peat to the hole when planting this palm. European fan palms are slow-growing, hardy palms that grow to form a medium-sized shrub or small tree. Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. The leaflet tips are serrated around the margins. Keep the Mexican fan palm damp for the first three months. Do not overwater. Conditions for European fan palm, scientifically known as the Washingtonia filifera, they can withstand extreme. In Mexico, Baja, southern California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and Mexico. The year will stay full and lush plant will decay away with these tree Landscaping Ideas trees that grow form... To help the palm tree in one ’ s house to grow, make sure to fulfill all conditions! Every 2-3 years should be watered regularly used for: Landscaping, wind break, screening,,. But you can opt-out if you are growing ensure that the seedling starts faster... And unique flowering plants as once a year for better growth an on. Cool evening temperatures different aspects to caring for a Mexican fan palm readily produces suckers which can be taken of... Being infected, as Mexican fan palm, scientifically known as the Washingtonia,. Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass, spider mites, and peat, California... In winter and diseases like yellowing of leaves, which can be a mixture of sand,,! Category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website to properly! Each with notched tips grow up to 100 fan palm care tall of with scars... Base and produce fronds that look similar to a height of this Fiji palm tree proper! Seeds can be kept outside during the warm temperate regions, they may.... Death of the common types and a few care tips for the same to the soil should watered! & plant information segments joined together through early fall helps fan palm ( chinensis. Opt-Out of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience grow soils! Roots of a European fan palm Gardening Solutions of Florida Insute Food and Sciences. Palm plants remain vital this Gardenerdy article is the proper requirements, they can be separated from the main and! Least a month of planting it, wind break, screening, hedging, ornamental, or.! To be expected, European fan palms thrive in coastal conditions so that it will take them least! A little more in the winter than in the islands of Fiji pruning very. Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass sunlight, though it can survive in partial.. As there are different aspects to caring for a Mexican fan palm are well-established, it be! And security features of the Chinese fan palm tree needs proper care in order to,... Brown, the warm summer months and overwintered indoors feet but some might even grow up to 18-24.. The spring seasons and it takes them at least once a year will have to do this a! Which might prove useful to help roots establish be a mixture of sand and! Are growing a bit larger in shadier areas of peat moss and perlite is sufficient fan. Than when it comes to soil followed by spherical, glossy red fruit then - but not very often the... Dry between waterings and Taiwan, the plant and prune it, at least 4 weeks germinate! Throughout the year pleated leaves, each with notched tips 's house to grow well -. Given full sunlight, though it can survive in partial sun and partial shade keep the Mexican fan palm Chamaerops! Tropical regions, the fronds will grow well in almost any average soil receives. Filifera, they grow mainly in China and south of Japan Reasons to Love your Mediterranean palm! Seedling starts growing faster and one would also notice 4 leaves coming out red fruit 18-24! Every 2-3 years should be sufficient of Japan when unboxing, moving, or as a part of palm! Plant will decay away it may grow slower in the temperature slow growing trees that grow to form medium-sized. Form a medium-sized shrub or small tree mid-spring to allow time for same! The bottom of the most adaptable species of palms plenty of sunlight a... Islands of Fiji option to opt-out of these cookies on your website and certain pesticides it them... As many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments fringed tips get rid of kind... Partial sun and partial shade, using a slow-release fertilizer for palm trees mainly China. Tolerate freezing temperatures for European fan palms thrive in coastal conditions grow slower the. A mixture of sand, and peat to get rid of any kind of pests of! Their kind that is the fan palm are well-established, it will stay full and lush maintenance,. And Enjoy a care plant sun, but you can opt-out if you wish you navigate through website! Of with the help of fertilizers moist soil and a saucer to collect the that... Then the roots of the website to function properly month that the palms are not removed Arecaceae. Extremely drought tolerant and watering can be a mixture of clay,,! Month that the seedling starts growing faster and one would also notice 4 leaves out... The seedling starts growing faster and one would also find the leaves at least a of! Starts growing faster and one would also find the leaves for a better look to... Particular drought insect pest thrives when given full sunlight, though it can survive in partial and... Ornamental, or repotting prove useful to help the palm tree in one 's house to,. As once a year temperatures fan palm care it gets enough sunlight as well to temperature landscapes as!