'Diprotodon optatum' is the scientific name for the Diprotodon, or giant wombat. The meaning of the name Diprotodon is “Two Front Teeth” a name that comes from Latin and was coined, because of its two large front teeth. Diprotodon was a herbivorous giant wombat about the size of a rhino, making it the heaviest marsupial ever. Animals by Scientific Name; Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted. Diprotodon, meaning "two forward teeth", is thelargestknownmarsupialever to have lived. The remains of this great mammal were first found in 1930. In Australia, Megafauna included the huge wombat-shaped Diprotodon and giant goanna Megalania. Lived: from approximately 1.6 million to 45 000 years ago, although they may have survived longer. It's claws may have been used to fend off predators just like modern wombats do, although this isn't really confirmed, and for now, size would have been its best defense. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Scientific name: Diprotodon Size: 10 ft (3 m) long Diet: Shrubs and bushes Habitat: Scrubland, open woodland Where found: Australia Time: Late Neogene (Pleistocene) Related genera: Euowenia, Stenomerus, Nototherium Diprotodon had robust limbs and walked on the soles of its feet. History of the discovery. They were part of a species group known as “Australian megafauna”, meaning that they are 130% larger in body mass than their closest living relative, the wombat or the koala . If you look at Diprotodon pictures, then you’ll notice that this marsupial was covered in fur and looked very much like a giant rodent. More than likely, it was an herbivore – feeding on everything from leaves to grasses to even salt bushes. It had an extremely large nose and pronounced front teeth. In Australia, more precisely in New South Wales, by explorer and surveyor Thomas Mitchell. A marsupial is any of the more than 250 species belonging to the infraclass Metatheria (sometimes called Marsupialia), a mammalian group characterized by premature birth and continued development of the newborn while attached to the nipples on the mother’s lower belly. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Diprotodon fossils have been found over much of Australia, with the exception of the Northern Territory, Tasmania and … Scientific name: Diprotodon optatum. Diprotodon optatum , meaning “two forward teeth”, were discovered in a cave near Wellington in New South Wales by Major Thomas Mitchell in the 1830s. Look it up now! Diprotodon definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. In North American, Megafauna included Giant Ground Sloths and Sabre-toothed Tigers, and African Megafauna included elephants, giraffes, rhinoceroses and hippopotamuses. Along with many other members of a group of unusual species collectively called the "Australian megafauna", it existed from approximately 1.6 million years ago until extinction some 46,000 years ago (through most of thePleistocene epoch). Diprotodon was a gigantic marsupial that lived in Australia during the Pleistocene era, about two million years ago. … European Megafauna included Woolly Rhinoceroses, Mammoths, Cave Lions and Cave Bears. 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