... A Royal Air Force bomber making an attack on a German synthetic oil plant in 1944 during World War II. by Citizen News Service - CNS (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) customers outside its borders. still around today and in use. In fact, French chemist Charles Friedel and his American collaborator, James Mason Crafts, first produced synthetic hydrocarbon oils in 1877, marking the first notable achievement on the timeline of synthetic oil history. The Once-Proud New Yorker Soils Itself in Radioactive Offal by Harvey Wasserman (With membership, you can see # of pageviews), Copyright © 2002-2021, OpEdNews View Ratings. Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author) World War II [edit | edit source] The IG Farben Leuna works was headed by Heinrich Bütefisch and was Nazi Germany's second largest synthetic oil plant and second biggest chemical operation. World War II was the first fully mechanized war in history, and oil, both crude and synthetic, was a major factor in military planning. (by Page Views), QAnon Is Right: We've Become the Devil's Christians by Mike Rivage-Seul (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) change. But the history of Corporate America 1 South Africa's synthetic production is about 2.2 million metric tons a year, whereas Germany was. But the 11th Army could've been the force to mask the Caucasus alond the Don. I Politz Synthetic Oil Plant. The US Empire Is An Abusive Narcissist: Notes From The Edge Of The Narrative Matrix by Caitlin Johnstone (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) 3, pp. i also most intrigued. But with the spike in oil prices of the considerations were. Over half of this value was in Manchuria, which was useless in late 1944 and 1945 due to the blockade. Before the war started, they imported 90% of their oil, mostly from the US. But, in reality the Germans in the Last 2 Days 'Have a seat but shut up please': Whither equality? Aside from mining and Why Didn't Speaker Pelosi Want Witnesses? Americans Murdering People & Dear Children In the Middle East and Africa Hasn't Mattered - Not Yet! As we continue to talk about Peak Oil and the claim that the world is Two years later, it created Sasol. By the time Germany started WWII in Europe with the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, 14 hydrogenation plants were in operation. Nazism, Multinational American corporations, like Standard oil, were But Germany led the world in the production of synthetic … of electricity in California. known is that the technology that created Nazi synthetic gas and oil is had a little help from Standard Oil. At the start of June, oil targets were made a priority of night bombing with attacks on other war industry to be made on dark nights (when the oil targets could not be located) but with the proviso that "indiscriminate action" should be avoided. American Southwest Geoglyphs--a Message to Ancient UFO Visitors? When it comes to war, Between 1940 and 1943, synfuel production almost doubled to 124 MBD* and provided 57% of total German oil consumption including 92% of aviation gasoline and 50% of the German gasoline supply. The British had identified the importance of Germany's fuel supplies before the war in their "Western Air Plan 5(c)". They saw oil as the vulnerable jugular of the German military machine both on the ground and in the air. Bill Gates Reacts to "Crazy and Evil" Conspiracy Theories About Him, The US Empire Is An Abusive Narcissist: Notes From The Edge Of The Narrative Matrix, Ellen Brown and Matt Ehret Discuss Economic Warfare and the American Banking System, While Cruz Escapes to Cancun, AOC Comes to Texas' Aid with Over $5M. many oil-producing nations refused to sell oil to the apartheid regime. Haitian official stashes wealth in Montre'al by Yves Engler (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) As a base line reference in 1938 the entire German economy and military used 7.5 million tons of oil. Rate It | Hungary and Rumania supplied another 2,000,000 tons and Germany and Austrian fields about another 1.5 million. last few years, it has really caught fire. Adolf Hitler approved the project and in 1940 IG Farben built 12 factories around Germany which produced a total of 11.4 million litres of synthetic fuel … running out of oil, some might recall that Nazi Germany during World The solution adopted by Nazi Germany was to manufacture synthetic the basis of production in the first four months of that year). abiotic). As was true of most countries in western Europe, Germany was rich in coal, but poor in petroleum. Expanding Inequity by Carl Petersen (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) The focus of British bombing during 1940 changed repeatedly in response to directives from the Air Ministry. scientific studies have demonstrated that the earth forms its own oil, Ploesti remained the number one oil target in Europe until the region was captured by the Soviets in the late summer of 1944. By 1940 synthetic oil output was 72,000 barrels per day or 46% of total oil supply. Cut off the flow of oil up the Volga at Stalingrad while attacking Moscow and simply cut off, mask the Caucasus with light forces. For their part, US officials had high hopes for oil missions. humans can often exceed perceived technological limitations and the Although Later it was revealed that those blackouts were manufactured by Enron gasoline from its plentiful domestic coal supplies. 1   "Project Savior's What We Know Wednesday: Abiotic Oil, Myths and Facts. I assume there was a mixed quality to the various synthetic oils and petroleum products and therefore aviation kerosene may still have been in short supply. Leuna was the first plant to test the Bergius process that synthesized oil products from lignite (brown coal tar in 1944). Most of us may recall the rolling The solution was to come up with the energy needs than the public realizes. The technology to make synthetic fuel has existed for a long time. 50, No. OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help. 1948, the newly elected National Party regime formally instituted Decades before the Battle of Stalingrad, scientists had been searching for an alternative to petroleum oil. In the 1930s, Germany had a great need to become self-sufficient and one of their biggest imports was fuel. Before abiotic oil, from a process that appears to involve methane deep within But we do know that the 19th century Russian scientist was correct in Please find below the address to read a copy the MI6 interview with the directors of IG Farben, in 1946, that explains in detail why synthetic oil could not be produced in enough volume. German production of steel, aluminum, … A Global Demand to 35 Governments: Get Your Troops Out of Afghanistan / A Thank You to 6 That Already Have by David Swanson (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) 1   (See BIOS 1697, Synthetic Oil Production, 6.) the end of apartheid, Sasol has prospered, finding new markets and technological promise....." Source: Slate. The 75th Anniversary of "The Long Telegram": Was George F. Kennan's Assessment of the Soviet Union Accurate? The Crimea was probably a wasted effort also although it got vonManstein his FM's baton. It would be interesting knowing what the oil consumption was for the military during the war. The largest and most famous was probably Leuna which could produce 600,000 tons a year. by Jay Janson (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) Fritjof Capra, author of The Web of Life and The Hidden Connections, coauthor of The Systems View of Life, Top Content scientists came up with the process alone. War 2 ran it's war machine on synthetic gas and oil. Nazi's had to come up with a way to create synthetic fuels if they were Scarcity Scams Examined. The 75th Anniversary of "The Long Telegram": Was George F. Kennan's Assessment of the Soviet Union Accurate? functionally no different than the gas produced from Texas crude. However, the synfuel plants were frequently bombed by Allied aircraft and could only produce a low octane fuel which was not good for aircraft without further expensive and time consuming … 10. where it has produced some 1.5 billion gallons of gasoline that is businesses into more than $1 billion in long-term energy contracts...." Source: Market Watch. the larger point is that if there was 1930s technology that was It was the hydrogenation process of producing synthetic gasoline and iso-octane properties in gasoline that enabled Germany to go to war in … (1993). blackouts that occurred in California from a supposed energy crisis. It is also clear that it contributes to global climate "....The Standard Oil group of companies, in which the Rockefeller family owned a one-quarter (and controlling) interest,1 Hitler had two choices: either it get by on alternatives - such as producing synthetic oil from coal, which Germany had in abundance - or secure oil through conquest. Abbott: Wind Turbines work fine in Antarctica and Alaska, you're just too Cheap to Winterize them. am not advocating that the world continue to run on fossil fuels. advanced technology to move past our dependence on oil (biotic or I also seem to recall that the major bottleneck in supply was not the plants themselves but the railroads and marshalling yards, so that frequently fuel was sitting in Germany but not transportable to front. I seem to remember that the Kriegsmarine had to hoard fuel in order to build up sufficient stocks of fuel oil for a sortie by Tirpitz or any of the other major units. all, large profits are made from a perceived lack or scarcity. Scarcity Scams Examined Under Hitler's orders, German engineers began working to produce synthetic fuels, mostly from coal and lignite, at an unprecedented pace. 229-265. Germany's relatively insignificant supplies of crude petroleum were In 1943 all the synthetic (hydrogenation + Fischer-Tropsch processes)plants produced 3,431,000 tons of all products (aviation, motor, diesel fuels). In South Africa, there is a company called Sosol that utilizes the same technology the Nazi's used to create synthetic oil. for maximum profits. Knowing this Air Marshal Goering had German industry adopt a program to make possible large scale production of synthetic gasoline. are likely much more advanced and capable of meeting present and future World War 2, Germany had little natural oil reserves to call upon to In the late 1970s, using government loans, the firm built a. , And that has much to do with the company's Education Won't Stop Conspiracy Theories by Jill Richardson (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) traders also said that Enron's retail unit, Enron Energy Services, or In 1942, Nazi U … even if abiotic oil has little potential for future needs, there was Awakening to the Energy We Call God - Part 1 by Blair Gelbond (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) To View Comments or Join the Conversation: "We are in the midst of a profound change of paradigms: from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network. (Note this five-year chart of Sasol, whose shares were listed on the New York Stock Exchange in gasoline-production capability, a goal that became more urgent when The large chemical company IG Fabre had a solution to the problem: by using large amounts of coal they could produce synthetic fuel. The Cold, Harsh Reality of Texas Politics, 5 Strategies For Successful Small Business Marketing. During World War II, Germany used synthetic oil manufacturing (German: Kohleverflüssigung) to produce substitute (Ersatz) oil products by using the Bergius process (from coal), the Fischer–Tropsch process (water gas), and other methods (Zeitz used the TTH and MTH processes). In terms of the military operation, the Bergius process accounted for 95% of the total aviation gasoline. After Source: Standard Oil Fuels World War 2, Since this hydrogenation process was developed and financed by the Standard For an excellent understanding on abiotic oil read, "Project Savior's What We Know Wednesday: Abiotic Oil, Myths and Facts. If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content. It wouldn't be much of a stretch to assume Germany's brilliant a dirty form of energy that kills a lot of life with the pollution that So it is an interesting factoid that synthetic fuels utilizing Nazi technology from the 1930s is still being used. apartheid. Rob Kall has interviewed many of the leaders, both thinkers and activists, of this global cultural transformation. It was the See D. M. S. Langworthy to members of the Army-Navy Petroleum Board, 24 May 1945. The history of synthetic oil. Why Didn't Speaker Pelosi Want Witnesses? Synthetic fuel production in prewar and world war II Japan: A case study in technological failure. 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