Although leaves of American beech (Fagus grandifolia are similar to Chinquapin oak, the former has smooth bark while the latter has shallowly fissured and flaky bark. Chinkapin Oak Quercus muehlenbergii Description & Overview. Mice, squirrels, voles, other small mammals, and white-tailed deer consume the acorns of chinquapin oak [ 13, 52, 65 ]. Quercus muehlenbergii, commonly called Chinkapin (or Chinquapin) oak, is a medium sized deciduous oak of the white oak group that typically grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 80’) tall with an open globular crown. It is regarded as a climax species on dry, drought prone soils, especially those of limestone origin. Chinkapin oak prefers well drained soils along bottomlands or on limestone ridges bordering streams where it grows best. Since its recognition as a different species from the similar-appearing chestnut oak (Quercus prinus), Q. muehlenbergii has generally been regarded as a distinct species; no subspecies or varieties are currently recognized within it, although a few infraspecific variants had been accepted in the past. Quercus muehlenbergii, commonly called Chinkapin (or Chinquapin) oak, is a medium sized deciduous oak of the white oak group that typically grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 80’) tall with an open globular crown.It is native to central and eastern North America where it is typically found on dry upland sites often in rocky, alkaline soils. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. The two species have contrasting kinds of bark: chinkapin oak has a gray, flaky bark very similar to that of white oak (Q. alba) but with a more yellow-brown cast to it (hence the occasional name yellow oak for this species), while chestnut oak has dark, solid, deeply ridged bark. Quercus muehlenbergii, the chinkapin or chinquapin oak, is a deciduous species of tree in the white oak group (Quercus sect. Unlike most white oaks, chinkapin oak is tolerant of alkaline soil. Chinkapin oak is native to the Midwest, where it is often found as a specimen planting or as a grouping of tree for parks and large areas. Chinkapin oak tree bark and leaves. Oak, Dwarf chinkapin (Quercus prinoides) Oak, red (Quercus rubra) This large oak grows in moist, well-drained, forested sites. However, some overlap in leaf characteristics can occur among these species, and they may hybridize in areas where their ranges overlap. The Chinquapin Oak Tree is a medium sized tree in the white oak group, and the bark is gray-brown and scaly and quite distinct in the landscape. The species was often called Quercus acuminata in older literature. It is commonly found on dry bluffs, ridge tops, and rocky, south facing slopes. Strong tree, good for wildlife food and windbreaks. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Adaptable to adverse soil conditions. [citation needed], Severe wildfire kills chinkapin oak saplings and small pole-size trees, but these often resprout. The wood of chinkapin oak is hard, heavy, strong, durable and shock resistant. Chinquapin oak leaves are glossy and dark green, and the leaves can grow fairly large, which gives the tree a thick, lush look. The Chinquapin Oak Tree is a medium sized tree in the white oak group, and the bark is gray-brown and scaly and quite distinct in the landscape. It is absent or rare at high elevations in the Appalachians. This oak was originally native to most states east of mid-Kansas excluding the east coast, southern coast, far north and Florida. [citation needed], Oak wilt (Bretziella fagacearum), a vascular disease, attacks chinkapin oak and usually kills the tree within two to four years. In publishing the name Quercus mühlenbergii, German-American botanist George Engelmann mistakenly used an umlaut in spelling Muhlenberg's name, even though Pennsylvania-born Muhlenberg himself did not use an umlaut in his name. About half of the acorn is enclosed in a thin cup and is chestnut brown to nearly black. It does not have lobed leaves like most other oaks; its leaves are toothed like a chestnut. Chinkapin oak is monoecious in flowering habit; flowers emerge in April to late May or early June. Diseases that Can Affect Dwarf Chinkapin Oak [6] If the two are considered to be conspecific, the earlier-published name Quercus prinoides has priority over Q. muehlenbergii, and the larger chinkapin oak can then be classified as Quercus prinoides var. [5] In Canada it is only found in southern Ontario, and in Mexico it ranges from Coahuila south to Hidalgo. The leaves are thick, firm, light yellow green above and lighter green to silvery white below. Chinkapin oak is generally found on soils that are weakly acid (pH about 6.5) to alkaline (above pH 7.0). These are bare root seedlings. Faunal Associations: The Obscure Scale (Melanaspis obscura) has been found on the bark of Dwarf Chinkapin Oak (Quercus prinoides), while larvae of the Round Bullet Gall Wasp (Disholcaspis quercusglobulus) form galls on the branches of this oak and larvae of other gall wasps (Cynipidae) form galls on its buds (ScaleNet, 2014; Bassett, 1881).). and greenbrier (Smilax spp.). In the White Oak Group and the bark is very similar to many of its relatives in the group, (off white with vertical strands or strips). Strong tree, good for wildlife food and windbreaks. Its whitish bark and branch structure create a beautiful silhouette in winter. It is a deciduous tree reaching 30 m tall exceptionally up to 50 m, with a rounded crown and thin, scaly or flaky bark on the trunk. Indeed, the nuts contained inside of the thin shell are among the sweetest of any oak, with an excellent taste even when eaten raw, providing an excellent source of food for both wildlife and people. Even deer adore the sweet acorns of the Chinkapin. [citation needed]. It specializes on bedrock with high pH, such as marble; as such, it is quite rare in New England, and is listed as threatened in Massachusetts. It grows in association with white oak (Quercus alba), black oak (Q. velutina), northern red oak (Q. rubra), scarlet oak (Q. coccinea), sugar maple (Acer saccharum), red maple (A. rubrum), hickories (Carya spp. The chinkapin oak is also commonly referred to as a yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak. Swamp Chestnut Oak These oaks are relatively slow-growing as younger plants, but they become massive with age. Habitat: Grows on rocky slopes and exposed bluffs. Width: 40 to 70 feet. Dwarf Chinkapin Oak Bark - Photo by Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org . ), larvae of moths (Valentinia glandulella and Melissopus latiferreanus), and gall forming cynipids (Callirhytis spp.) Herbarium specimens should (but too rarely do) include typical mature foliage, winter buds, and fully mature acorns, as well as notes on bark and stature of the plant. Grows well in rocky or good soil. Sawtooth oak acorns have large, shaggy caps unlike those of chinkapin oak. Chinkapin today is planted as a shade tree and is valuable for its lumber, which has many uses, ranging from fuel to fence posts to cabinetry and furniture. The staminate flowers are borne in catkins that develop from the leaf axils of the previous year, and the pistillate flowers develop from the axils of the current year's leaves. [citation needed], The most common small tree and shrub species found in association with chinkapin oak include flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), sassafras (Sassafras albidum), sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum), eastern hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), Vaccinium spp., Viburnum spp., hawthorns (Crataegus spp. Height: 40-50′ Spread: 40-50′ Habit/Form: Rounded Growth Rate: Slow Zone: 5-7 Custom Search Chinquapin Oak – Quercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin oak is easily grown in rich, loamy, well-drained soils in full sun. Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) is a native oak which is often not recognized as an oak when first encountered. 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