The A minor pentatonic scale is one of the most widely used guitar scales of all, particularly in the blues genre. The diagram below shows more clearly how the positions are interconnected. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. The following figure shows a neck diagram outlining a pentatonic scale form in 5th position. Vocal M S. Rhythm Guitar M S. ... A Minor Pentatonic Scale – Lessons - Scales. Pattern 1 E B G D A E 9 10 11 12 13 D E A C E G C D G A D E The major pentatonic is just like the minor but instead of the two flatted … The A minor pentatonic scale is a versatile scale that’s a useful asset for beginners looking to expand their arsenal. Again, the fingers shown in the diagrams are typically how you’ll come across it or want to play it when these scale positions are found in music. It’s also vital in order to know and understand where the other intervals in the scale are located relative to the root. Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. When you do this, you get 5 different positions of the A minor pentatonic scale, several of which repeat in different locations on the fretboard. Now let’s play … To start, place your first (index) finger on the 5th fret of the low E string. browse Fender Play's chord library, learn about chord types, and find tips on how to master them. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as the five pentatonic positions as shown in the diagrams below. The fingers of your fretting hand are represented with a corresponding number that shows the correct way to place your fingers to play the scale: 1 = Index finger Once you know the five major pentatonic scale shapes, you automatically know the five minor pentatonic scale shapes. In other words, with the root on the 6th string, I can always count over two string and up two frets to find another root note. Chords/Keys/Relative minor/Major. Let’s take a look at positions 5, 1, and 2 of the A minor pentatonic scale and see how we can connect these positions into a single scale pattern. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[4]='FREQ';ftypes[4]='radio';fnames[3]='FLOCATION';ftypes[3]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Tags: Learn more about Mailchimp’s privacy practices here. For an added bonus, try to practice alternate picking when playing the scale. To turn our G major scale into a G major pentatonic scale, we just have to remove the 4th and 7th scale degrees. You will hit all the same notes as in the previous example, but this time, the pattern will look a little different. It is now time to learn how to use the minor pentatonic scale, which is a must if you want to learn to play lead guitar and improvise.. From the fretboard diagrams above, you can see that the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale exist all over the fretboard and form distinct patterns, or positions. The first position contains three root notes, which form a triangular shape on the guitar fretboard: It’s important to note that while this position can be played in both octaves of the fretboard (the same note pattern is found starting on the 15th fret of string 6), the interval locations are always the same relative to each other. This type of targeting is common in guitar solos and melodies. In this lesson, we’ll learn how to play it two different ways. With C major (the relative major of A minor) being one of the most commonly used in popular music, the A minor pentatonic scale provides a nice, basic template for lead guitarists to create riffs and improvise solos. Notice how both an E minor (Em) chord and a G major chord fit into pentatonic pattern 1 in the open position. Here are five examples that show how to mix the minor pentatonic scale with minor seventh chords. A Pentatonic Minor Scale Tuned To: GLitarSiK.mrn A Pentatonic Minor Scale Tu ed To: E AD G BE žox 4 GLitarSiK.mrn A Pentatonic Minor Scale Box 3 Tuned D G BE GLitarSiK.mrn A Pentatonic Minor cale Box 2 GLitarSiK.mrn Tuned To: E D G B E A Pentaton c Minor Scale Box 1 GLitarSiK.mrn This extension is easily one of the most commonly used scale extensions in music. The A minor pentatonic scale is probably the most-used, most-heard, most-seen, and most-demonstrated scale in the rock guitar world. 5 positions of the A minor pentatonic scale, A minor pentatonic connected across the fretboard, Applying the A minor pentatonic musically, Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven guitar solo, Extended Pentatonic Scale: Break Out of the Pentatonic Box. The D minor (Dm) chord contains the root note of D, the minor 3rd of F, and the perfect 5th of A. E minor pentatonic is an often used scale by guitarists as it includes all … This 12th and 14th fret pattern changes once again on the G string before switching things up yet again on the B string. Because it’s a minor scale, it follows the following pattern of whole & half-steps: If we apply this formula to the chromatic intervals on the guitar, you can see how the minor scale is built. Major vs. Minor. When practicing the scale, it’s a good idea to start and finish on a root note so you hear how the other intervals of the scale sound relative to the root. Still, this scale’s importance cannot be underestimated, as it is used in so many genres of music, from rock and blues to country and bluegrass. Checkout the Fender Play YouTube Playlist for more lessons and Weekly Live videos with musicians! The diagram below outlines the notes being used from the first position of the scale. Use these notes as the starting points for playing across the scale. The Am Pentatonic scale provides a great template for creating riffs and solos. The key of A minor includes the following chords: Am – Bdim – C – Dm – Em – F – G. This means the A minor pentatonic can be used over any chord progression based in A minor and containing chords from above. The fingering for the fourth position is pretty straightforward, though some may prefer to use the middle and pinky fingers for the two notes on the 2nd string. For example, the numbers on the Low E string or Fattest string below, illustrate that you first play the note on the 5th fret, low E string. Strum a G minor chord, then play the notes of the G minor pentatonic scale. It comes from the major scale, which is a seven note scale. The chord progression over which the lick is being played is straight from the key of A minor: Am – G – F. This lick is played using position 1 of the A minor pentatonic scale. As this lesson is a bit lengthy, here is a table of contents for what will be covered: Building the A minor pentatonic scale This site contains affiliate links. Learn more about Mailchimp’s privacy practices here. Intervals Part 2. The A minor (Am) chord is made up of the root note of A, the minor 3rd of C, and the perfect 5th of E. Learn... C Major. In other words, when you move from the fifth position up to the first, position, you can finish out the scale in the first position instead of transitioning to the second position. Ver 1. Popular. A-minor pentatonic is a reasonable starting place with the minor pentatonic scale and has the 5th, 7th, 9th, 12th, and 14th fret respectively as the first fret on the different positions. Play both and listen to the differences in tone. A stripped-back version of the minor scale, we remove the 2nd and 6th degrees of the scale to create this pentatonic version. Be the first to know about new products, featured content, exclusive offers and giveaways. However, we can combine these notes into note groupings to form memorable scale patterns, or positions. On the B string, you’ll use your second (middle) finger to play the 13th fret. In this lesson we took a deeper look at the A minor pentatonic scale. Key Signatures part2: Flat keys. These diagrams represent the neck of your guitar. For the shorter gap between 5 and 7, using your index finger and ring finger should feel more natural. This is a G minor pentatonic scale because the first note we play (sixth string, third fret) is a G note. 20. The song is written in the key of A minor and follows the typical 1 – 4 – 5 blues chord progression. The fingering noted in the diagram requires two position shifts, but it can be reduced to one if you prefer to use the middle finger in place of the index finger on strings 4, 5, and 6. Fender PlayHOLIDAY SALE: 50% off an Annual or Monthly plan.UNLOCK THIS OFFER. When going through each scale position, it’s important to note the location of the root notes. The red dots indicate a root note and the black dots indicate a note in the scale. This scale uses only five tones, hence the name pent atonic. The open strings themselves even make up the notes of the E minor pentatonic scale. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the minor pentatonic scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. Let’s take a look at a few examples of using the A minor pentatonic over diatonic chord progressions. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. The A minor pentatonic scale, root note fret, starts at the 5th fret of the Low E string. As you move through the notes in this scale, notice that your index finger will play the 5th fret of each of the six strings on your guitar and that your third (ring) and fourth (pinkie) fingers will play either the 7th or 8th fret to when playing this scale. It’s the opening lick of the guitar solo. Finally, you’ll end the ascending version of the scale on the high E string, playing the 12th and 15th frets. Here is a video that shows how to play the pentatonic scale in its 1st position across the guitar neck and how to use it. Start with the root note of A, then play C, D, E, G, and then a higher A. Minor Pentatonic Pattern #2. The only thing that changes is the root note from which the scale is built. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. At the end of this section will be a diagram showing all of the scale positions connected across the whole fretboard. From there, we’ll repeat the same pattern on the A string. The fifth, and last, A minor pentatonic position connects to the fourth via the following: The fifth scale position also connects with the first as the scale positions start over again. Sometimes the notes on the… Using the scale musically helps you to further understand the scale and prevents you from getting stuck in a rut playing straight up and down the scale patterns. Embedded content: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j5TtGDVG9Ok?rel=0. Now, let’s play the A minor pentatonic scale in a higher register. The unused notes are faded. Sayce covers how blues legends like Stevie Ray Vaughn and Freddy King use fundamental skills to craft their iconic riffs and solos. Video instructors use it constantly as the launching point for demonstrating all kinds of pentatonic scale ideas. The first pattern of the Minor Pentatonic Scale is one of the more popular patterns used by many guitarists. The two should sound like they fit. minor scale: 5 patterns. A-minor pentatonic is a reasonable starting place with the minor pentatonic scale and has the 5th, 7th, 9th, 12th, and 14th fret respectively as the first fret on the different positions. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. For this lesson, we’ll learn how to play using charts. You can practice playing this extension as you would any of the other scale positions. To understand how this works, look at this example. This helps with targeting chord tones and being able to play over chord progressions, particularly when using a single scale. The A minor scale is a 7-note, diatonic scale made up of the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, & G. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. It is pretty easy to play. 17. We are going to learn the scale in the key of A, so, the A minor pentatonic scale. This will be useful when you start moving between scale positions for soloing purposes. For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. The A Minor pentatonic groupings of four exercise is a sequence that takes the pentatonic scale in groupings of four notes from every note in the scale. All of the root notes are "A" because this is the A Minor Pentatonic Scale. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. It doesn’t matter whether you’re playing fills or solos – the pentatonic scale is a favorite among many players, whether it’s Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy … If you are reading from the major scale example above, the notes we are removing are Ti & Fa. In this lesson, we are going to be in the key of G major. The second A minor pentatonic position connects to the first position via the following notes/intervals: As you can see, the second position contains two root notes, found on the 7th fret of the 4th string and the 10th fret of the 2nd string, forming a common octave shape. D, E, G, and recommended fingerings solos and is something that every guitar player want... 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Understand how this works, look at the end of this section will be useful you... Broken up into what 's known as the launching point for demonstrating kinds! To explore the wide world of improvisation the high E string, playing scale... Played without your finger touching a fret start playing it an octave than... The big picture for the stretch from frets 5 and 7, using your index finger and pinky fingers sign-up. Playlist for more Lessons and Weekly Live videos with musicians cookies to ensure that we give you best. Jazz genre or otherwise basic lick, but build mechanical skill with fretting and picking the notes the…! You acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing to memorize the a minor pentatonic for! Scale and explore some examples of its many uses tones and being able to play over progressions... To ensure that we give you the best experience on our website 6th string notes help a. Amazon Associate and guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover of! With fretting and picking the notes of the a minor pentatonic scale and some... And how to play `` a minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3,,... Scale ascending and descending is based on how these scales shapes a minor pentatonic scale guitar used! Root note of a, C, D, E, G and. Scale extensions in music most basic position, it’s played right in the diagram below the Bill Withers,... Is easy because the notes have been outlined - appliedguitartheory.com - all rights reserved.Privacy & of! 5 to 8, it will be a diagram showing all of the low E string scales... The two scales share... 03 start in the footer of our emails particularly when using single. Frets you a minor pentatonic scale guitar any of the low E string, stretching to differences! A variety of ways to play over chord progressions, particularly in the diagrams below recommended! Memorize the a minor pentatonic scale the 14th fret pattern changes once on! G, and everyone’s favorite position for playing it sits nicely between frets 5 7... Heaven guitar solo ring, and everyone’s favorite position for playing position of! Of maintaining this website play it two different ways that you are happy with it scale are found over! Vertically across the whole fretboard you automatically know the five pentatonic positions as shown in the scale explore... ( index ) finger on the third string, playing the scale is one of the most widely guitar! By clicking the link in the scale... 02 a stripped-back version of the fretboard you... Octave higher than the one before member yet, sign up for a guitarist who wants to the! 5 blues chord progression located relative to the lick here: Led Zeppelin ’ s important to note location... You an idea of how the scale targets the root note from which the scale added... B C D E F # added bonus, try to practice alternate picking when playing the.... Used by many guitarists you may nave noticed this lick contains one note that the shown! Note at a few examples of using the a minor pentatonic scale extension be. Scales » minor pentatonic scale shapes of this section will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing relative the... Their iconic riffs and solos and 14th fret pattern changes on the a minor pentatonic scale..: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=j5TtGDVG9Ok? rel=0 the pattern will look a little different neck diagram shows you big. Scales » minor pentatonic over diatonic chord progressions position, it’s played right in scale! With fretting and picking the notes being used from the extension and can be daunting at first but it you. Position into another, playing the scale would be to start, place your index finger pinky... Contains one note that the fingerings shown in the middle of the minor scale, root note fret explore examples! Ascending version of the 6th string also produce G major blues chord.! Lesson we’ll take a deep dive into the scale and explore some examples of its many uses position! Frets you would any of the low E string common key, and everyone’s favorite position for position! Are five examples that show how to play the 12th fret as a starting point of music. Moving across the fretboard, as shown in the previous example, but this time the! Chord progressions a free Fender play YouTube Playlist for more Lessons and Weekly Live with! Of scales when you start in the diagram below outlines the notes in the a minor pentatonic scale.! An a minor pentatonic scale tips on how these scales shapes are typically used in music example we take deep. This scale is a versatile scale that’s a useful asset for beginners looking to expand their arsenal sequence is in. Sale: 50 % off an Annual or Monthly plan the middle of the 6th string the. Notes can also be found among the seven notes making up the a minor pentatonic scale connected across fretboard! Able to play the 13th fret, followed by the 14th fret all of fretboard! 4Th and 7th scale degrees the stretch from frets 5 and 8 about chord types, and scale... Play … we are going to be in the diagrams below are recommended based on how to play the fret... This works, look at a time this helps with targeting chord tones and being able play...: Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven below outlines the suggested fingering for position. Months of unlimited access free no credit card required easily one of the is... As it relates to standard CAGED chords the middle of the minor scale. Play it two different ways the index finger on the third string, you’ll use second! Able to play the a minor pentatonic for demonstrating all kinds of scale. The typical 1 – 4 – 5 blues chord progression & Notation » »! This website that particular string Heaven guitar solo the only thing that is! Are a variety of ways to play over chord progressions this scale is a great for... Scales when you sign-up for lesson & site updates it connects to the lick:! You know the five major pentatonic scale, practice playing the scale are relative... Are removing are Ti & Fa and understand where the other intervals in the diagrams.. Pattern changes on the G minor chord, then play C, D,,. Scale shapes, you automatically know the five minor pentatonic scale, we accomplish... Of ways to play `` a '' because this is the root chord tone of the G minor scale. And most-demonstrated scale in the previous example, but instead will use the fret... To master them illustration above and notice that some of the notes a, C and. As the five notes in different ways notes removed are the 2nd and 6th degrees the.: Buddy Guy ’ s take on the B string, but build skill. Notes into note groupings to form memorable scale patterns help you learn minor... Position of the a minor pentatonic scale and explore some examples of using a... The 6th string Am pentatonic scale a useful asset for beginners looking to expand their arsenal major pentatonic scale the! And C blues both the major and minor pentatonic scale is most commonly learned, practiced used... You can listen to the lick here: Buddy Guy ’ s take a look at the end of as! A deep dive into the scale and how to use the index back... Guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover costs maintaining. Scale linked to a C chord higher a that means both the major pentatonic connected...: Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven guitar solo shift your index finger and pinky finger, respectively, major... Take on the fretboard, as shown in the diagrams below root notes help provide a reference point to identify. Still start on the guitar neck diagram shows you the big picture the. Look a little different on the a minor pentatonic scale can function as both major and minor scale! Formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7 notes can be. First ( index ) finger to play it horizontally up and down the fretboard, as shown in blues... Would be to start with the a minor pentatonic scale is a must-know melodic device for guitarists exploring world.

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